One of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada, it is the only province with both French and English as its official languages.
New Brunswick is bordered by Quebec to the north, Nova Scotia to the east, the Gulf of Saint Lawrence to the northeast, the Bay of Fundy to the southeast, and the U.S. state of Maine to the west.
Language is a particularly important part of their culture. New Brunswick has been officially bilingual for more than 50 years. Its first Official Languages Act was enacted in 1969, making the province Canada’s first and only officially bilingual province. Two thirds of New Brunswickers are anglophone, one third are francophone, and 34% of New Brunswickers can speak both official languages.
The culture of New Brunswick—as felt in our music, foods, language, festivals, built environment, and history—is a fascinating mélange influenced by Indigenous, French, British, Irish and Scottish settlers, that is constantly changing with the influx of people from other parts of the world.
The province’s climate is continental with snowy winters and temperate summers. New Brunswick has a surface area of 72,908 km2 (28,150 sq mi) and 747,101 inhabitants (2016). Atypically for Canada, only about half of the population lives in urban areas. New Brunswick’s largest cities are Moncton and Saint John, while its capital is Fredericton.
As-Fredericton is the capital of New Brunswick in eastern Canada, on the St. John River. It’s known for its Historic Garrison District, an 18th-century British army base now home to a Changing of the Guard ceremony, artists’ studios and an outdoor theatre. The Beaverbrook Art Gallery’s Canadian and international collections are nearby. Just south, Fredericton Boyce Farmers Market sells seasonal produce and crafts.
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